This in turn is having a demographic and economic impact on these societies. This article assesses the most recent evidence for these impacts.
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A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among patients admitted in in-patient department and those attending integrated counseling and testing centre ICTC of School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata.
Data were gathered by interviewing the patients by using a predesigned questionnaire. For prolonged duration and severity of disease, higher proportion of indoor patients reported loss of job, decreased family income, increased expenditure for care seeking, and faced greater economic consequences, reflected by selling assets.
Loss of job was mainly due to illness High school dropout seen in both groups was mainly due to economic reasons. Weakened family and societal support systems, decreased participation in formal education of young people as a result of AIDS in the family, along with depleted family income due to loss of work, and poor disease management present additional vulnerabilities.
The state gains because production is not disrupted in key sectors. Only patients willing to participate in the study were included and were interviewed in the presence of a trained counselor, after taking their informed consent and ensuring complete anonymity and confidentiality.
Information pertaining to age, sex, marital status, occupation, family income, and expenditure including cost incurred to treatment, schooling of children, perception of family members toward the PLWHAs, etc.
The data were analyzed by using proportions, chi-square and z-tests for proportions. Overall mean age of the participants was Hindus constituted the majority Skilled workers and housewives constituted the majority of patients.
Approximately, one-third of indoor The mean of previous and present per capita monthly income was Rs. Mean working days lost in 1 year was Table 1 Open in a separate window When reasons for the above-mentioned socioeconomic consequences were explored Table 2it was found that illness was the most common reason One-fifth of indoor and 4.
Table 2 Open in a separate window A higher proportion Financial problems were accounted for in Sickness of the participants was the most common reason for decrease in family income in both groups of patients, followed by unemployment of patient and death of husband.
Medicines, investigations, and travel were the major causes for increased expenditure in both the groups. Hospitalization costs were also an important factor in Behavior of the family members as perceived by the indoor patients was also explored [ Table 3 ].
Among 92 indoor patients, 78 Overall, spouses were the major caregivers of the indoor patients Of the 72 ever married indoor patients, the in-laws were aware of HIV-positive status in Disturbed relationship with spouse was reported by Families feel its economic impact as soon as one of their members falls ill with an AIDS-related condition.
Amid rising household expenditures, families compromised on education and faced mounting debts, also corroborated in this study. In our study, loss of job following disclosure was an important observation among in-patients, majority of whom were migrant skilled workers.
A significantly higher proportion of indoor patients cited their sickness as the main reason for selling of assets compared to newly diagnosed, as the duration and severity of their illness was more. A study 5 in Mumbai also found that economic wellbeing of the households was severely affected by AIDS.
Wives experienced the maximum burden, as their spouses lost jobs and they themselves were either poorly paid or ill equipped to start earning. Women came to the hospitals mainly to take medicines for their husbands or for counseling and generally started treatment only after they become widows.
Time and transportation expenses also added to the economic burden because health facilities were often located far from house. This reflects the traditional values of an Indian society where at the time of crisis, the extended family gives economic and social support - also reflected in several case studies 78where it was found that the responsibility of the joint family often remains even when the economic activity of the household is not joint.Symptoms and consequences of HIV and AIDS.
The HIV virus gets inside the body and then attacks certain cells, the so-called CD4+ T cells. It then invades these cells and destroys them. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF HIV/ AIDS ON CHILDREN Paper Prepared for the 5th Union of African Population Studies Conference, Arusha, Tanzania, 10 – 14 December, HIV and AIDS affects economic growth by reducing the availability of human capital.
Without proper prevention, nutrition, health care and medicine that is available in developing countries, large numbers of people are falling victim to AIDS. Keywords: hiv aids economic impact, hiv impact in south africa South Africa faces one of the world's most severe HIV/AIDS pandemics according to the Bureau for Economic Research (BER, ).
The disease was initially only regarded as a serious health crisis, but it is now clear that the pandemic also holds economic consequences for South Africa and also have far reaching socio-economic.
The paper provides an analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector, public education, the supply of labor and the returns to training in nine Southern African countries. Drawing on the. The economic impact of HIV/AIDS within the labour market subsequently influences Firms and General Industry, thus affecting the overall macro-economic impact of the pandemic.
This will be discussed in the following section.