The effects depend on if Reconstruction is viewed in the long run or the short run. In the short run, African Africans gained more freedoms. African American males were able to vote and hold political offices.
Louisiana[ edit ] With a population evenly divided between races, in there wereblack voters on the Louisiana registration rolls and about the same number of whites. The literacy test was administered by the voting registrar; in practice, they were white Democrats.
Provisions in the constitution also included a grandfather clausewhich provided a loophole to enable illiterate whites to register to vote. It said that "Any citizen who was a voter on January 1,or his son or grandson, or any person naturalized prior to January 1,if applying for registration before September 1,might vote, notwithstanding Effects of reconstruction on african americans or poverty.
The constitution of also required a person to satisfy a longer residency requirement in the state, county, parish, and precinct before voting than did the constitution of This worked against the lower classes, who were more likely to move frequently for work, especially in agricultural areas where there were many migrant workers and sharecroppers.
The effect of these changes on the population of black voters in Louisiana was devastating; by black voters were reduced fromto 5, on the rolls. Byonly blacks were registered, less than 0.
Popular culture saw new trends as well. Despite the costs of an evening out, two out of every five Americans saw at least one movie per week. Classic films like Frankenstein, It Happened One Night, and Gone with the Wind debuted during the Great Depression. Radio flourished as those who owned a radio set before the crash could listen for free. SS5H2 The student will analyze the effects of Reconstruction on American life. a. Describe the purpose of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments b. Explain the work of the Freedman's Bureau. African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American.
Republican Daniel Lindsay Russell won the gubernatorial race inthe first Republican governor of the state since the end of Reconstruction in The election also resulted in more than 1, elected or appointed black officials, including the election in of George Henry White to Congress, as a member of the House of Representatives.
Simmons was elected as the state's US senator inholding office until through multiple re-elections by the state legislature and by popular vote after The Democrats used their power in the state legislature to disenfranchise minorities, primarily blacks, and ensure that Democratic Party and white power would not be threatened again.
In the Democrats adopted a constitutional suffrage amendment which lengthened the residence period required before registration, and enacted both an educational qualification to be assessed by a registrar, which meant that it could be subjectively applied and prepayment of a poll tax.
A grandfather clause exempted from the poll tax those entitled to vote on January 1, The effect in North Carolina was the complete elimination of black voters from voter rolls by Contemporary accounts estimated that seventy-five thousand black male citizens lost the vote.
In North Carolina and other Southern states, there were also the insidious effects of invisibility: The Readjuster Party held control from toelecting a governor and controlling the legislature, which also elected a US Senator from the state.
After regaining power, Democrats changed state laws and the constitution in to disenfranchise blacks. They ratified the new constitution in the legislature and did not submit it to popular vote. Voting in Virginia fell by nearly half as a result of the disenfranchisement of blacks.
The Border States, all slave states, also established laws requiring racial segregation between the s and s; however, disenfranchisement of blacks was never attained to any significant degree.
Most Border States did attempt such disenfranchisement during the s. The causes of failure to disenfranchise blacks and poor whites in the Border States, as compared to their success for well over half a century in former Confederate states, were complicated.
During the s Maryland was vigorously divided between supporters and opponents of disenfranchisement, but it had a large and increasingly educated black community concentrated in Baltimore. This city had many free blacks before the Civil War and they had established both economic and political power.
Despite support among conservative whites in the conservative Eastern Shorereferenda for bills to disenfranchise blacks failed three times inandwith the last vote being the most decisive. Many states required payment of the tax at a time separate from the election, and then required voters to bring receipts with them to the polls.
If they could not locate such receipts, they could not vote. In addition, many states surrounded registration and voting with other complex record-keeping requirements.
The poll tax was sometimes used alone or together with a literacy qualification. In a kind of grandfather clauseNorth Carolina in exempted from the poll tax those men entitled to vote as of January 1, This excluded all blacks in the State, who did not have suffrage before that date.
In Georgia rejected such a device. Alabama delegates at first hesitated, out of concern that illiterate whites would lose their votes. After the legislature stated that the new constitution would not disenfranchise any white voters and that it would be submitted to the people for ratification, Alabama passed an educational requirement.
It was ratified at the polls in November Its distinctive feature was the "good character clause" also known as the " grandfather clause ". An appointment board in each county could register "all voters under the present [previous] law" who were veterans or the lawful descendants of such, and "all who are of good character and understand the duties and obligations of citizenship.Idea was to promote a return to white supremacy and prevent African American's from exercising political and civil rights Used terrorism and violence African Americans, carpetbaggers, Republicans, sympathizer Effects of Reconstruction on African Americans Helped African Amercian's, poor whites, and refugees.
The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects on Slavery with and After President Lincoln Words | 9 Pages. The Reconstruction Era and its effects on Slavery with and after President Lincoln The Reconstruction Era which followed the Civil War was a period marked by a severe effort to re-establish a depleted and distraught society.
Sep 07, · 3. African American men now have the power to make laws and helped re-write the Constitution. 4. Public Education for the newly freed slaves 5. Blacks became politically active, taking up.
MODERN ERA Much of Africa's land is unsuitable for agricultural use and, therefore, is largely uninhabited. Over the centuries, severe drought and periods of war and famine have left many African nations in a state of agricultural decline and impoverishment.
Any benefit that African Americans received from Reconstruction is problematic at best, and most historians will argue that Reconstruction was a failure.
The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects on Slavery with and After President Lincoln Words | 9 Pages. The Reconstruction Era and its effects on Slavery with and after President Lincoln The Reconstruction Era which followed the Civil War was a period marked by a severe effort to re-establish a depleted and distraught society. In Colfax, La., on Easter Sunday , a mob of white insurgents, including ex-Confederate and Union soldiers, led an assault on the Grant Parish Courthouse, the center of civic life in the. Aug 21, · Tennessee became the 16th state of the union in It is just miles wide, but stretches miles from the Appalachian Mountains boundary with North.
African Americans were freed by the Thirteenth Amendment, but gained little thereafter. The defeated Southern States were bitter and resentful, and determined to keep African Americans as near .
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States.
As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American.