Lawrence THE HANDLE, which varies in length according to the height of its user, and in some cases is made by that user to his or her specifications, is like most of the other parts of the tool in that it has a name and thus a character of its own. I call it the snath, as do most of us in the UK, though variations include the snathe, the snaithe, the snead, and the sned.
Definition[ edit ] Constitution of the World Health Organization[ edit ] The preamble of the World Health Organization WHO Constitution defines health broadly as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Grad credits the WHO Constitution as "claiming United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Navanethem Pillay writes that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights "enshrines a vision that requires taking all human rights—civil, political, economic, social, or cultural—as an indivisible and organic whole, inseparable and interdependent.
The Convention calls upon States to "Prohibit and to eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour, or national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law," and references under this provision "The right to public health, medical care, social security and social services.
The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for: The reduction of the stillbirth-rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child; The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene; The prevention, treatment and control of epidemicendemicoccupational and other diseases; The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.
The General Comment makes the direct clarification that "the right to health is not to be understood as a right to be healthy. Relation to other rights[ edit ] Like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the General Comment clarifies the interrelated nature of human rights, stating that, "the right to health is closely related to and dependent upon the realization of other human rights," and thereby underscoring the importance of advancements in other entitlements such as the rights to food, work, housing, life, non-discrimination, human dignity, and access to importance, among others, towards the recognition of the right to health.
Similarly, the General Comment acknowledges that "the right to health embraces a wide range of socio-economic factors that promote conditions in which people can lead a healthy life, and extends to the underlying determinants of health.
Health equity[ edit ] The General Comment also makes additional reference to the question of health equitya concept not addressed in the initial International Covenant.
The document notes, "The Covenant proscribes any discrimination in access to health care and underlying determinants of health, as well as to means and entitlements for their procurement.
Responsibilities of states and international organizations[ edit ] Subsequent sections of the General Comment detail the obligations of nations and international organizations towards a right to health.
The obligations of nations are placed into three categories: International obligations include allowing for the enjoyment of health in other countries; preventing violations of health in other countries; cooperating in the provision of humanitarian aid for disasters and emergencies; and refraining from use of embargoes on medical goods or personnel as an act of political or economic influence.
The full text of Article 12 states: States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of health care in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, access to health care services, including those related to family planning.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph I of this article, States Parties shall ensure to women appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, granting free services where necessary, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.
Convention on the Rights of the Child[ edit ] Health is mentioned on several instances in the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 3 calls upon parties to ensure that institutions and facilities for the care of children adhere to health standards.
Article 23 makes specific reference to the rights of disabled children, in which it includes health services, rehabilitation, preventive care.
Article 24 outlines child health in detail, and states, "Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health.
States shall strive to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her right of access to such health care services.
Further provisions specify that health care for the disabled should be made available in local communities and that care should be geographically equitable, with additional statements against the denial or unequal provision of health services including "food and fluids" and "life insurance" on the basis of disability.
Definitions in academic literature[ edit ] While most human rights are theoretically framed as negative rights, meaning that they are areas upon which society cannot interfere or restrict by political action, Mervyn Susser contends that the right to health is a particularly unique and challenging right because it is often expressed as a positive right, where society bears an obligation to provide certain resources and opportunities to the general population.
Susser further sets out four provisions that he sees as covered under a right to health: He is careful to note here that, while this likely entails some minimum standard of access to health resources, it does not guarantee or necessitate an equitable state of health for each person due to inherent biological differences in health status.
However, Hunt does concede that some positive rights, such as the responsibility of society to pay special attention to the health needs of the underserved and vulnerable, are included in the right to health. Poor people are not receiving the same treatment, if any at all, as the more financially fortunate.
The high costs of medicine and treatment make it problematic for poor countries to receive equal care.Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers. A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities.
Identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equality and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities. Menu Ethics and morality.
A very brief overview of all aspects of morality: When many people see the word "morality," their first thought often relates to sexual activity of some heartoftexashop.com individuals and groups, like us, use much broader definitions.
A mental health history including asylum and community care periods, with links to Andrew Roberts' book on the Lunacy Commission and other mental health writings, and the asylums index and word heartoftexashop.comd on England and Wales, it reaches out to the rest of the world with links to the general timeline of science and society, America timeline, crime timeline, and the (embryo) sunrise.
(Declaration of Tokyo, Human Rights and Global justice student reading guide, page ) Complementing the medical perspective (who diagnose the factors resulting in mental health) the ‘states are required to improve the meant health of individuals by providing decent economical facilities such as hospital-based treatment.