Kidney stone research paper

Foul smelling or discoloured urine Fever Urgency to urinate or passing less urine Kidney stones pass from the kidney to ureter and then bladder for excretion.

Kidney stone research paper

Interstitial kidney cells Renal arteries and their branches Kidneys are those organs, which facilitate various functions involved in the regulation of the body. They are primarily essential in the urinary system and also play an important role in the homeostatic regulation of the electrolytes.

They serve as a natural filter for the blood, and remove wastes, which are further diverted to the urinary bladder.

Kidney stone research paper

They maintain the acid-base balance, and regulate the blood-pressure. While producing urine, they excrete the wastes products, such as urea and ammonium; and are also responsible for the re-absorption of water, glucose, and amino acids.

They produce the hormones like calcitriol, erythropoietin, and the enzyme rennin. The kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter, a paired structure that empties into the urinary bladder.

Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases. The kidney diseases are diverse in nature, depending upon the different characteristics of an individual.

Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction.

Various cancers of the kidney exist; the most common adult renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Cancers, cysts, and some other renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney, or nephrectomy. The most common problem kidney stone removal problem involves ultrasound treatment, which break the stones into smaller pieces, and pass them through the urinary tract.

Kidney stone disease - Wikipedia

The other kidney treatments are dialysis and kidney transplantation. Livers are reddish brown organs with four lobes of unequal size and shape. They are located in the upper right-hand portion of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm, and on top of the stomach, right kidney, and intestines.

Lobules are the functional units of the liver. The two major types of cells populate the liver lobes: The human liver normally weighs 1. It is considered to be both, the largest internal organ as well as the largest gland. Liver is the most vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals.

It plays a major role in the metabolism of food and drinks. It also serves the functions of glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells and hormone production.

Kidney stone research paper

It is responsible for the production of bile, which is an alkaline compound. The bile aids in the digestion via the emulsification of lipids. The liver's highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions.

This includes the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules necessary for normal vital functions. As the liver is the most important organ of the body, and as it performs various functions it is prone to many diseases. The most common among them are the: Many diseases of the liver are accompanied by jaundice, which is caused due to the increased levels of bilirubin in the system.

The other pediatric liver diseases includes: The liver diseases are generally treated with the liver boipsy method and liver transplantation. Nowadays, advanced techniques have also evolved for the treatment of liver problems.

These include the artificial liver transplantation technique and the radiation techniques. Comparison between Kidney and Liver:Kidney stones are clumps of mineral that accumulate on the inner lining of the kidneys. As long as they stay in the kidney, they do not cause any problems.

However, if they move into the ureter. The AUA's Clinical Practice Guidelines provide evidence-based guidance with an explicit clinical scope and purpose. AUA also provides Policy Statements, Best Practice Statements, Position Statements and White Papers to provide urology professionals with the best in peer-reviewed treatment recommendations and research.

Sep 28,  · TUESDAY, Sept. 27, (HealthDay News) -- Anyone who's suffered a kidney stone just wants the urinary obstruction gone. Now, preliminary research suggests relief might even be fun: a roller. Mar 30,  · Stone analysis plays a valuable role in the diagnosis of kidney stone patients, specifically in infrequently encountered kidney stones such as UA, cystine, infection-induced, drug-induced, and NH 4 + urate stones.

Imaging studies are valuable in the diagnosis of kidney stone disease. Research Paper Commerce Medical Science. could lead to an increase in kidney stones, according to Our Precision Sequencing Test to Learn About Your Gut Health help research paper essay the best.

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- Kidney Stones The medical term for kidney stones is Nephrolithiasis or Renal Calculi. A kidney stone is a solid lump that can be as small as a grain of sand and as large as a golf ball made up of crystals that separate from urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney.

Kidney Stone? Try a Roller Coaster Ride