Orientation research paper

UK Essays Essay Paper on New Employee Orientation Programs Employee orientation programs are a vital part of working process as the demand for new staff is permanent and novices do not always possess all the necessary skills.

Orientation research paper

Innate bisexuality Innate bisexuality is an idea introduced by Sigmund Freud. According to this theory, all humans are born bisexual in a very broad sense of the term, that of incorporating general aspects of both sexes.

Freud believed that in the course of sexual development the masculine side would normally become dominant in men and the feminine side in women, but that as adults everyone still has desires derived from both the masculine and the feminine sides of their natures.

Freud did not claim that everyone is bisexual in the sense of feeling the same level of sexual attraction to both genders. To date, a lot of research has been conducted to determine the influence of genetics, hormonal action, development dynamics, social and cultural influences—which has led many to think that biology and environment factors play a complex role in forming it.

It was once thought that homosexuality was the result of faulty psychological development, resulting from childhood experiences and troubled relationships, including childhood sexual abuse. It has been found that this was based on prejudice and misinformation.

Biology and sexual orientation Research has identified several biological factors which may be related to the development of sexual orientation, including genesprenatal hormonesand brain structure.

No single controlling cause has been identified, and research is continuing in this area. Current scientific investigation usually seeks to find biological explanations for the adoption of a particular sexual orientation.

A twin study from appears to exclude genes as a major factor, [53] while a twin study from found that homosexuality was explained by both genes and environmental factors.

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The authors concluded that "our findings, taken in context with previous work, suggest that genetic variation in each of these regions contributes to development of the important psychological trait of male sexual orientation.

Prenatal hormones and sexual orientation The hormonal theory of sexuality holds that just as exposure to certain hormones plays a role in fetal sex differentiationhormonal exposure also influences the sexual orientation that emerges later in the adult.

Fetal hormones may be seen as either the primary influence upon adult sexual orientation or as a co-factor interacting with genes or environmental and social conditions. The default developmental pathway for a human fetus being female, the Y chromosome is what induces the changes necessary to shift to the male developmental pathway.

This differentiation process is driven by androgen hormones, mainly testosterone and dihydrotestosterone DHT.

Orientation research paper

The newly formed testicles in the fetus are responsible for the secretion of androgens, that will cooperate in driving the sexual differentiation of the developing fetus, including its brain. This results in sexual differences between males and females.

Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation Recent studies found an increased chance of homosexuality in men whose mothers previously carried to term many male children. This effect is nullified if the man is left-handed.

However, research suggests that this may be of immunological origin, caused by a maternal immune reaction against a substance crucial to male fetal development during pregnancy, which becomes increasingly likely after every male gestation.

From here, the anti-male bodies would then cross the blood—brain barrier of the developing fetal brain, altering sex-dimorphic brain structures relative to sexual orientation, causing the exposed son to be more attracted to men over women.

Environment and sexual orientation There is no substantive evidence to support the suggestion that early childhood experiences, parenting, sexual abuse, or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation.

However, studies do find that aspects of sexuality expression have an experiential basis and that parental attitudes towards a particular sexual orientation may affect how children of the parents experiment with behaviors related to a certain sexual orientation.

A variety of theories about the influences on sexual orientation have been proposed.Resources for learning APA Style, including online courses, free tutorials, the APA Style Blog, and how to cite sources and format papers from title page to reference page.

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Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one heartoftexashop.com attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality, while asexuality (the lack of .

A listing of psychological research being conducted online. Following the article on sexuality in the fall, , issue of The New Atlantis, this article is another blow to the homosexualist political agenda for forcing on society the acceptance and normalisation of sexual aberrations (feelings, behaviour and identity).

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