NO ONE likes research papers. Not you, not your professor. However, research papers are an essential part of academia. So instead of griping and whining about it, try to make the best of it.
An "Introduction to Application" attachment is required only if the type of application is resubmission or revision or if the FOA specifies that one is needed.
An introduction is not allowed for new or renewal applications. Descriptions of different types of applications are listed here: NIH Types of Applications.
Attach this information as a PDF file. Additional Instructions for Multi-project: The "Introduction" attachment is required for all resubmission and revision applications. The "Introduction" attachment is optional for resubmissions and revisions applications.
Although the "Introduction" attachment is optional, you may get a system warning if there is no attachment. State concisely the goals Research introduction paragraph the proposed research and summarize the expected outcome sincluding the impact that the results of the proposed research will have on the research field s involved.
List succinctly the specific objectives of the research proposed e. The "Specific Aims" attachment is required. State the specific objectives of the Phase I research and development effort, including the technical questions you will try to answer to determine the Phase I feasibility of the proposed approach and the impact that the results of the proposed research will exert on the research field s involved.
State concisely and realistically what the proposed research is intended to accomplish in terms of its potential for technological innovation and commercial application.
Define the proposed product, process or service to ultimately be developed. Include milestones for each of the aims as these will be used in the evaluation process. State the specific objectives of the Phase II research and development effort including the impact that the results of the proposed research will exert on the research field s.
Research Strategy Who must complete the "Research Strategy" attachment: The "Research Strategy" attachment is required. Although multiple sections of information are required in the Research Strategy as detailed below, the page limit applies to the entirety of the single "Research Strategy" attachment.
Organize the Research Strategy in the specified order and use the instructions provided below unless otherwise specified in the FOA.
Start each section with the appropriate heading - Significance, Innovation, Approach. Cite published experimental details in the Research Strategy attachment and provide the full reference in G. Significance Explain the importance of the problem or critical barrier to progress that the proposed project addresses.
Describe the scientific premise for the proposed project, including consideration of the strengths and weaknesses of published research or preliminary data crucial to the support of your application. Additional Instructions for Research: Describe how the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field will be changed if the proposed aims are achieved.
Overall and Other Components: Explain how the commercialization plan demonstrates a high probability of commercialization. Innovation Explain how the application challenges and seeks to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms.
Describe any novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation or interventions to be developed or used, and any advantage over existing methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions.
Explain any refinements, improvements, or new applications of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions.
Approach Describe the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses to be used to accomplish the specific aims of the project.The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers.
In a well-constructed first paragraph, that first sentence will lead into three or four sentences that provide details about the subject or your process you will address.
Why a Scientific Format? The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a .
An introduction is the first paragraph of a written research paper, or the first thing you say in an oral presentation, or the first thing people see, hear, or experience about your project. The Dreaded Introductory Paragraph Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be.
If you planned your paper out, then most of the introductory paragraph is already written. Discover the elements found in a typical research paper. Outline of chapters and sections. TITLE PAGE TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I - Introduction. Examples Of A Good Introduction To A Research Paper There are many ways to start your research paper successfully, and here are examples of interesting opening paragraphs: Quote – start your work with a quote from the famous person – is a great way to make an impression and show the importance of .