Recognize how movies reflect cultural attitudes, trends, and events. Indicate how movies influence culture.
It is through exploring the relationships among religion, culture, and communication that we can best understand how they shape the world in which we live and have shaped the communication discipline itself. Furthermore, as we grapple with these relationships and terms, we can look to the future and realize that the study of religion, culture, and communication is vast and open to expansion.
Researchers are beginning to explore the influence of mediation on religion and culture, how our globalized world affects the communication of religions and cultures, and how interreligious communication is misunderstood; and researchers are recognizing the need to extend studies into non-Christian religious cultures.
There is not one accepted definition for any of these three terms, and research suggests that the connections among these concepts are complex, to say the least.
Thus, this article attempts to synthesize the various approaches to these three terms and integrate them.
In such an endeavor, it is impossible to discuss all philosophical and paradigmatic debates or include all disciplines. Religion It is difficult to define religion from one perspective and with one encompassing definition. Geertz defined a religion as 1 a system which acts to 2 establish powerful, pervasive, and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by 3 formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and 4 clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that 5 the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic.
To better understand how religion relates to and affects culture and communication, we should first explore key definitions, philosophies, and perspectives that have informed how we currently look at religion. In particular, the influences of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, and Georg Simmel are discussed to further understand the complexity of religion.
Karl Marx — saw religion as descriptive and evaluative. First, from a descriptive point of view, Marx believed that social and economic situations shape how we form and regard religions and what is religious.
For Marx, the fact that people tend to turn to religion more when they are facing economic hardships or that the same religious denomination is practiced differently in different communities would seem perfectly logical. For Marx, the notion that the Catholic Church, for example, had the ability or right to excommunicate an individual, and thus essentially exclude them from the spiritual community, was a classic example of exploitation and domination.
Such alienation and exploitation was later echoed in the works of Friedrich Nietzsche —who viewed organized religion as society and culture controlling man Nietzsche, Building on Marxist thinking, Weber — stressed the multicausality of religion. Weber emphasized three arguments regarding religion and society: Until the Protestant Reformation of the 15th and 16th centuries, Catholicism was the dominant religious ideology on the European continent.
However, since the Reformation, Europe has increasingly become more Protestant and less Catholic. To fully grasp why many Europeans gravitate toward Protestantism and not Catholicism, we must consider the historical and cultural reasons: Finally, even though the majority of Europeans identify as Protestant, secularism separation of church and state is becoming more prominent in Europe.
In nations like France, laws are in place that officially separate the church and state, while in Northern Europe, church attendance is low, and many Europeans who identify as Protestant have very low religiosity strength of religious devotionfocusing instead on being secularly religious individuals.
From a Weberian point of view, the links among religion, history, and culture in Europe explain the decline of Catholicism, the rise of Protestantism, and now the rise of secularism.
Emile Durkheim — focused more on how religion performs a necessary function; it brings people and society together. Durkheim thus defined a religion as a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things which are set apart and forbidden—beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.
For example, religious rituals one type of practice unite believers in a religion and separate nonbelievers. The act of communion, or the sharing of the Eucharist by partaking in consecrated bread and wine, is practiced by most Christian denominations.
However, the frequency of communion differs extensively, and the ritual is practiced differently based on historical and theological differences among denominations. Georg Simmel — focused more on the fluidity and permanence of religion and religious life.Nov 28, · Every aspect of global communication is influenced by cultural differences.
Even the choice of medium used to communicate may have cultural overtones. For example, it has been noted that industrialized nations rely heavily on electronic technology and emphasize written messages over oral or face-to-face communication.
In this and every conflict in the movie, each side sees its values as “correct” and the other culture as “wrong.” This ethnocentrism exacerbates the communication problems between them. ) How do Hunt and Kazihiro adopt parts of one another’s culture by the end of the movie?
Much has been written about the differences between high- and low-context cultures, particularly by noted anthropologist Edward T. Hall. For business professionals, other useful differences are outlined below: Source: adapted from Social Talent.
High Context. Communication tends to be indirect, harmoniously structured and understated. - About Culture, values, attitudes and job satisfaction, I use the movie 'Door to Door'. - About Culture and People Management, Use the movie 'The Devil Wears Prada'. May 17, · What are some good movies that clearly demonstrate cultural differences between countries?
Discussion in 'Teh Vestibule (archive)' started by nico, May 17, Using Popular Movies in Teaching Cross-Cultural Management Satish Pandey Paper Presented at 12th International HRD Conference, organized by AHRD, UFHRD and the University of Gloucestershire, UK, May ,